Add a formal touch to your yard or garden by adding symmetry. Formal landscaping often lends dignity to the public areas around a home. Formality can also be rewarding in a more private setting. There, the groomed plants, geometric lines, and symmetrical layout of a formal garden can help to organize the surrounding landscape, provide and elegant area for entertaining, or simply be enjoyed for their own sake.
When putting your plans on paper, a formal garden often looks neatly packaged within rigid boundaries. Bur even more than other types of landscaping, actual formal gardens work well only when carefully correlated with other elements in the landscape, such as the house, patio,and major plantings.
Transitions,both physical and visual, between formal and more casual area are particularly important. An expanse of lawn, changes of level that separate one area from another can all help formal and informal elements coexist comfortably. A bench picnic table or a park bench can be incorporated into the design.
Laying out and installing the edging and paths requires care, patience, and a little elbow grease. Once established in well prepared soil, the plants will require little maintenance beyond seasonal pruning and cleanup.
Some of the plants that you might choose would first be a the 'Olga Mezitt' rhododendron. This compact broad-leaved evergreen shrub bears clear pink flowers in spring. Shiny foliage is maroon in winter and dark green the rest of the year. Next, try adding 'wintergreen boxwood'. Unsheared, this evergreen shrub forms a loose, but tidy hedge. The mass of small green leaves hold its color through the winter season. Add in Maiden grass. This is a perennial grass that with long arching leaves. Tall stalks carry pink flowers and fluffy seed head that make a lovely show in winter. Also try to add in Lilies, Rue and bellflowers. You could fill in spaces around the shrubs with mother-of-thyme. It spreads to form a dense carpet of wiry stems and tiny fragrant leaves.
Paths for this type of garden incorporates the use of bricks. They can be precast pavers, or you could use crushed stone with brick edging. Your brick edging should be laid on edge to establish the perimeter of the design and function as a mowing strip, also.