Bird’s nest fern, Asplenium nidus, is an excellent house plant that requires well-drained soil. Find facts and information on taking care of bird’s nest fern. Bird's nest fern has apple green fronds that are tongue shaped. The plant forms a central, funnel-like rosette that has a brown-like wool that resembles bird's eggs.
Asplenium nidus Light Requirements
Bird’s nest fern requires bright to medium, indirect light. In high lights the glossy fronds will bleach out. Provide average to warm temperatures (60-80 degrees) with no drafts. High humidity (65% or more) is essential. This is an excellent plant for use in a terrarium or a tropical grouping.
Bird’s Nest Fern Care
Keep plant moist at all times. Water somewhat less in winter but don’t allow it to dry out. Keep moisture out of the cup that is formed by the fronds- the “bird’s nest”. Feed only twice a year, once in spring and once in summer, with a foliage plant food, it seldom needs repotting because it has a miniscule root system. It can even be grown on a slab as long as you provide extremely high humidity. Containers and hanging baskets can also be used.
Be sure to remove older leaves as they fade. These plants can have fungal leaf spots, but the most common leaf problems are frond-tip dieback, from lack of humidity; frond death from the potting mix drying out; and severely curled leaf tips, from being too cold.
Potting Mix: Mix 2 parts peat moss, 1 part loam, and 1 part sand. (Perlite can be substitued for sand). Slow release fertilizer 14-14-14 can also be used.
Propagation is done by dividing the root ball or by starting from spores.
Pests and Diseases: Bird’s nest fern can have scale, aphids, and mealybugs. Learn what the fern spores look like (they will be in regular lines) to distinguish them from scales (irregularly scattered).
Related Species: the cultivar ‘Fimbriatum’ has notched leaves. A. Crispifolium is similar to A. Nidus except that it has crinkled edges.