When it comes to buying roses, rose bushes, or choosing a rose variety, it is helpful to gather some facts and information on rose types before making your selection. Roses have been in gardens for a very long time and have adapted and changed with the times. Rose breeders are constantly thriving to bring us new varieties that are new and more adaptable to every garden situation.
You will find roses grouped as, shrub roses, climbers, ramblers, cluster-flowered (floribunda), large-flowered bush (hybrid-tea), bushes, patio roses, and miniature roses. It is not necessary to know or to grow all the different types. You should, instead, go out and buy the type of rose that is best suited to where you are going to plant it. A personal favorite of mine, is the the English rose. They are an older variety that have beautiful blooms and worth checking out.
Rose Variety Information
- If you need a rose to grow up a wall, a gazebo, trellis, or arch, then you should choose a climber, rambler, or a vigorous shrub rose.
- Roses for mass planting in a formal bed can be cluster or large flowered roses (floribundas and hybrid teas).
- Patio roses and miniature roses do well in containers for the patio. There are some new roses that also do well as ground covers on steep slopes too.
- The ultimate height and spread needs to be considered since there are some varieties that are vigorous roses and there are also rampant ones such as Rosa filipes ‘Kuftsgate’, which will grow up and along for 40’.
- Other roses are almost evergreen, such as the Flower Carpet series(zones 5-9), with white, pink, red, and yellow ranges of color.
When planting an island bed in a lawn, try to choose one variety to use so that they flower at the same time. You can choose varieties that have a fragrant perfumed scent that will entice visitors to your yard and garden.
You will find that many newer, and modern varieties will not have any scent at all, as breeders are more concerned with color than with smell. Rose breeders also work on growth habit and having roses that are disease resistant. This is, most likely, why the fragrant older roses are still around, while some of the newer introductions sometimes drop out of the catalogs.
How to Buy Roses
Roses can be bought in two ways; either as container grown plants, which will not suffer any shock with planting; then there are bare-root roses.
Bareroot roses are bought in the late fall, winter, or early spring. The bare-root plants can be purchased in garden centers, stores, direct from the grower, or by mail order. They will have no leaves or flowers, but you will be able to see if the main roots are strong and healthy, and if there are lots of the small white fibrous roots that are essential for good growth.
As soon as they arrive, take them out of any packaging and plant them. If the weather or the soil is not suitable for planting, the roses should be heeled into the ground as a temporary measure, so their roots are in close contact with damp soil and covered to prevent them from drying out. Choose a soil that is easily dug, then firm the soil around the rose roots. Before the winter is over, and time and weather allows, put them in their permanent position.
*Find information on how to winterize roses that are already established at yardandgardenrescue.com.