The Chrysanthemum or Mum, Dendranthema x grandiflorum, is easy to grow. Find facts and information on growing and caring for chrysanthemums including: planting, pests and diseases, types of chrysanthemums and other helpful tips.
Chrysanthemums are also known as "Mums". They come in a variety of colors, such as, yellow, gold, orange, bronze, maroon, pink, lavender and white. You can grow healthy chrysanthemums by making sure you give them the best care possible.
Planting and Growing Chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemums are perennials that grow well in zones 4-9. Garden chrysanthemums prefer full sun, and fertile, well-drained soil and a pH of 5.5-7.0. Chrysanthemums bloom in late summer and autumn, which makes them excellent plants to have to complete your all season landscape. It is a short lived perennial in zones 4 and 5 and may also be grown as an annual in cooler areas.
Plant mums 12-24” apart in spring or fall. You can apply a slow release fertilizer at the time of planting, or you can wait and use a soluable type 3 weeks after planting in spring. You should refrain from fertilizing when it gets to be 6-8 weeks before the first expected frost.
- Pinch mum tips in spring to encourage compact growth.
- Cut them back in fall once foliage is disfigure by frost.
- Mulch them with straw for added protection from cold
Water mums deeply when the soil becomes dry and cut them back in spring and early summer if you are wanting them to become more compact. You should cut them to the ground in autumn, after frost withers the foliage. Or, you can leave them through the winter and cut them back before they start to greening.
Propagation of Chrysanthemums
Mums should be divided every 3 years in spring so that they will remain vigorous and continue to flower. To divide, simply dig around the root clump and lift up.
Pests and Diseases of Chrysanthemums
This flower has potential for many types of problems. The pests include aphids, earwigs, nematodes, spider mites, whiteflies, and fourlined plant bugs. Viruses can cause yellowing, stunting of growth, and puckering of leaves. Other diseases include, powdery mildew, crown gall, rust, and botrytis.
Types of Chrysanthemums
Chrysanthemums are distinquished by the shape of the flower that the species has. It may be a decorative mum, a button mum, daisy mum, cushion mum, pompon mum, anemone, spider, spoon, quill, or a large football mum. Mums come in different sizes and may grow to diffrent heights. You are sure to find many varieties that you will love to have in your yard and garden.
*Tip- A Chrysanthemum bonsai can be made very easily into a slab planting that will bring autumn colors alive. The plant is planted on a flat slab utilizing plant moss to cover the soil base.