Cyclamen, cyclamen persicum, a popular house plant that brightens up a room with its reflexed blossoms and variegated foliage. Find cyclamen facts and information to help you grow and care for this beautiful plant.
Cyclamen come in two types, the small house plant variety, and the larger plants that are grown outdoors in the garden. Cyclamen are very popular as a house plant and is often seen in store carrying house plants and flowers as gifts. Cyclamen are easily recognized by their unusually shaped flowers which come in several shades of pink, magenta, and solid white varieties. Cyclamen may grow up to 6-10” high and 6-12” wide. They are grown from a corm and will grown into a mounded form.
Cyclamen require bright to medium indirect light to look its best. It prefers cool temperatures of 50-60 degrees. The cooler temps will also help prolong their bloom cycle. Provide them with average amount of humidity in the 30-65 % range.
Cyclamen can be purchased as a Miniature, a house plant for pots around 2-4 1/2”; Intermediates, which are good for 3 1/2 to 5” pots, and Standards, which have larger leaves and will work for 4 1/2- 8” pots. They come in every color imaginable.
You should allow the soil to dry only slightly before watering. They may be feed with half-strength food when blooming at every watering from fall until bud set. They may be repotted in the fall, keeping half the corm above the soil line.
Remove faded flowers immediately to prevent seed formation, as this will shorten the bloom time. You may also remove any faded leaves by gently twisting the stems of leaves and flowers to remove. If you should get yellow leaves, this indicate that the room is too warm, or that the plant may have wilted or become overwatered at some point in time.
How to Revive Cyclamen When the Blooms Die
Cyclamen are often treated as throw away plants because it is difficult to bring the plant back into bloom. For the best success to revive a cyclamen you may have received as a gift or house plant, set it under a shrub outdoors for the summer with the pot on its side. Water infrequently and expect the foliage to fade completely. Then, bring the pot back indoors as soon as temperatures cool in the fall. Repot the cyclamen plant and begin watering it. Keep it in a cool, bright spot and water it as the soil dries slightly. After this, you may begin feeding the plant as mentioned previously.
Propagation of Cyclamen
Cyclamen may be propagated by planting seeds. They seem to set seeds very easily.
Pest and Diseases include cyclamen mites, which is a perennial problem. You can treat the mites with a miticide that is labeled for indoor use. If your plant is severely infested, you should discard the plant.
Related Species of the Cyclamen
There are hundreds of cultivars with flowers of every color and size. Many related species are grown outdoors and are not appropriate for indoor culture as a house plant.
Cyclamen persicum, Florist’s Cyclamen, is the primary type of commonly found cyclamen plants. It comes in white, crimson, and magenta. It is a small-flowered form often seen in stores and floral gift shops.
*Cyclamen coum is an outdoor variety of cyclamen that is found in mountainous areas of the Black Sea. It tolerates cooler climates and can be grown in the U.S. if the climate is cool enough.