There are four main ways to plant grass in your yard or garden area. The method you choose will be determined by your yard and garden landscape. The four methods of planting grass are seeding, sodding, sprigging, and plugging. Of all of these methods sodding is the most popular. With better techniques of sodding and seeding, sprigging has become less used with the exception of where the climate is better suited for warmer season grasses. Some varieties of grass such as bermuda does not produce viable seed and has to be sprigged or plugged into place. Here is an overview of the four ways to plant grass.
Seeding is the cheapest method of planting grass. The seeds can be distributed by hand on most sites, but for large areas you should use a push type spreader. These can be purchased or rented from home rental centers. There is also an option known as hydro-seeding but is usually done by professionals. The best time to plant seed is in the early fall or early spring.
Sow half the seeds by walking back and forth over the soil. Then, sow the other half by walking at right angles to the first direction. This way you know that the seeds will be covered more evenly across your yard. Cover the seed by raking the soil lightly, but do not bunch the seed. Roll the soil lightly to provide a compact surface. You can cover the grass with straw or grass clippings from another lawn, or you can cover with a fine layer of top soil. If you choose the last method, you will need to water daily to keep the soil moist. Water any type of coverings lightly until the lawn has developed fairly well, usually when grass is about 2 inches tall.
This is the most effective and consequently the most expensive way to plant grass. Square of soil already covered with grass are dug up (usually from sod farms) and placed over the soil of a lawn site. This method is most important to use on sloped that would erode easily if planted any other way. You should make sure that the soil has been leveled and that all rocks and stones have been removed. I would water the soil before laying the sod on top of the ground to ensure that the grass roots are next to the moisture that they need. Place sod next to each other and tamp down and then water. No fertilizer until the grass roots get established.
Sprigging is a method typically used in the Southern states. This procedure involves the use of sprigs, which are small chunks or cuttings of grass. Sprigs are planted at intervals, depending on the variety of grass. As the sprigs grow, their low-lying stems creep along the ground and root in the soil, there by filling in the lawn site. Sprigging is extremely slow to create a whole lawn in comparison to the other techniques, so most people do not utilize this method, though this practice is still common in the Southern states.
Plugging takes small squares of circles that are cut from sod and are planted 6 to 12 inches apart in much the same pattern as sprigging, and the grass will fill in a bit faster. Though they need to be kept moist, plugs will not dry out as fast as sprigs, lasting a day or two longer.