Miscanthus sinensis (Eulalia grass) is also known as maiden grass and is a perennial ornamental grass often used as screening plants. Get Miscanthus sinensis facts and information on growing and caring for Eulalia grass.
Miscanthus sinensis Facts and Information
Miscanthus sinensis grows in Zones 5-9 and measures 4-6’h x 3-4’w. It is a warm season, perennial grass with a medium to coarse texture. Eulalia grasses will grow fairly fast. Eulalia grass and cultivars are at their best in full sun, surrounded by lower-growing plants such as Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ or Goldsturm black-eyed Susan. Flower plumes emerge ruby red in late summer or fall and turn satiny cream to dazzle in the autumn sunshine. After frost, the dried foliage remains throughout the winter as a giant dried flower bouquet.
Miscanthus sinensis Care:
Plant Eulalia grasses in plenty of sun and average soil. Irrigate until they establish. Mulch to conserve moisture. Most of them will do fine without plant food except in the poorest soil. Soil that is too rich causes the plants to flop over. Cut grasses back in late winter before new growth starts as new and old growth is is unattractive. When growing multiple cultivars, seedlings may develop due to cross-pollination. Rogue seedlings that develop to prevent them from becoming invasive.
Landscape Uses: Specimen plant or screening plant
Propagation: Divide in late winter or early spring as new growth emerges.
Pests and Diseases: Eulalia grass is generally free of pests.
Miscanthus sinensis Species and Related species that are noteworthy for their refined texture and appearance.
Miscanthus sinensis ‘Gracillimus’ (Zone 5), with graceful habit, and very late flowers.
M. sinensis ‘Sarabande’ (Zone 5) a narrower leaved, finer-textured ‘Gracilimus’.
M. sinensis ‘Graziella’ (Zone 5) holding its silver plumes high above upright clumps. Variegated forms include grasses with horizontal bands on green foliage.
M. sinensis (Zone 5) grows to an upright 8’.
M. sinensis ‘Strictus’, (Zone 5) grows to an upright 8’.
M. sinensis ‘Hinjo’ (Zone 5) grows to 6’ with horizontal bands of yellow on the green foliage. Other variegations are green and white, cream, or yellow stripes along the length of the blade.
Miscanthus sinensis ‘Morning Light’ (Zone 5) is a very upright 5’ form with fine-textured foliage, white leaf margins, and late flowers.
M. sinensis ‘Goldfeder’ (Zone 6) grows to 7’ with yellow-striped foliage and plumes that open silver.
var. condensatus ‘Cabaret’ (Zone 6) is a 9’ tall, broad-spreading clump of cream-colored foliage edged in green. It does not self-sow.
var. condensatus ‘Cosmopolitan’ (Zone 6), with creamy foliage edged in green, grows to 10’ tall and will tolerate light shade.
Smaller Forms of Miscanthus sinensis
M. s. ‘Aehiopien’ (Zone 6) a shorter, slower-growing form that takes on bright red tones in fall.
M. s. ‘Yaku jima’ (Zone 6) which grows less than 5’ tall.
Miscanthus transmorrisonensis ia a 3’ tall, fine-textured grass that blooms in summer. It is evergreen in Zone 6.