November is officially here and we still have many tasks to attend to with our lawns, trees and shrubs, taking care of flower beds, house plants, and fruits and vegetables and a few miscellaneous tasks.
- Frequent mowing will allow incorporation of up to 6 inches of leaves into the lawn.
- Remove fallen leaves that cannot be mowed into or cover the lawn to prevent winter shading and die back of the turf.
- Cool season lawns benefit from an application of high nitrogen fertilizer to promote root development and early spring green up.
- Provide good soil moisture for a healthy winter lawn.
- Continue to mow bluegrass and tall fescue at 2 to 3 inches, do not lower for winter.
- Control dandelions, henbit and chickweed with a broadleaf herbicide.
- Store your mower for winter by draining gasoline or by using a fuel additive.
- Clean leaf litter and diseased canes from rose gardens.
- Cut rose canes back to 24” to reduce wind damage.
- Mulch grafted roses for winter with a mound of garden soil 6 inches deep.
- Easy care shrub roses require no special care going into winter. Do not prune in the fall.
- Pull frost-killed annuals from the garden.
- Dig and store tender bulbs for the winter in a cool, dry location.
- Plant spring flowering bulbs.
- Clean up the perennial garden either in fall or spring, by cutting debris to the ground.
- Mulch perennials with 3” of loose material such as straw after several hard freezes.
- Till soil where possible incorporating organic matter to improve soil.
NOVEMBER TREES and SHRUBS
- Established trees and shrubs should be watered as they become dry.
- Watch out for rabbits feeding on tender bark and twigs, use a tree wrap to protect them.
- It is not too late to plant trees and shrubs for autumn growth.
- Leaves should be raked and composted.
- Replenish mulch layer to 3” and keep away from trunk base.
- Hazardous or dead branches should be pruned for the health of the tree.
- Avoid pruning spring flowering shrubs or blooms will be removed.
NOVEMBER VEGETABLES and FRUITS
- Store apples in refrigerator for long life, and check for spoilage.
- Pick up fallen fruit from around trees to reduce insects and disease next year.
- Prune limbs damaged by heavy fruit loads.
- Record successes and failures in the garden as a guide for next year.
- Start planning process for another year.
- Remove garden debris and discard or compost.
- Till vegetable gardens and incorporate organic matter to improve soil.
HOUSE PLANTS IN NOVEMBER
- Locate plants away from drafts, heat vents and cold windows to prevent damage.
- Watch plants for signs of insect damage.
- Stop fertilizing during winter months, start again in spring.
- Dust leaves with a moist soft cloth or by rinsing with room temperature water.
- Bring amaryllis bulbs out of dormancy by watering for Christmas blooms.
- Continue short day dark treatment of poinsettias for holiday bloom.
- Water as needed, avoid letting plants set in water.
MISCELLANEOUS NOVEMBER TASKS
- Clean and oil garden tools, sprayers and other equipment for storage.
- Drain hoses and sprinklers and store indoors for longer life.
- Maintain compost pile or start a new one with fall debris.
- Start your Christmas list for gardening supplies.
*Information gathered from Johnson County K-State Research and Extension. They offer free information fact sheets, and can be visited at www.johnson.ksu.edu. You will find many helpful articles at yardandgardenrescue.com for all your yard and gardening needs.