Peperomia is a houseplant with foliage that adds texture and design to containers and terrariums. Peperomias are used for their foliage or as accent plants. Find valuable facts and information on growing and caring for watermelon peperomia and other popular peperomia varieties. You can also find additional information on peperomia as a unique potted plant.
Watermelon Peperomia, Peperomia argyreia (sandersii), is popular because of its succulent silver and green foliage. The plant may reach up to 1ft. In height and width. It is a herbaceous plant that makes a mounded form. Peperomia is planted in containers in regular potting soil.
Peperomias are used for their striking variegated or highly colored foliage. You will find peperomias in many sizes and with many leaf shapes. It is possible to construct an entire textural garden with only planting varieties of peperomia. They do very well as a terrarium plant, and can be planted along with African violets, episcia, aluminum plants, and other suitable terrarium varieties.
Growing and Care of Peperomia
You will need to maintain a temperature of 60-75 degrees and be sure to avoid having them in cold drafts or high traffic areas, as the succulent leaves are easily scarred or knocked off.
Peperomias are fairly tolerant of drought but will perform better if watered as soon as the soil surfaace begins to dry. Overwatering them can cause rotting, especially if they are growing in a cool setting. Feed peperomias three times in summer only and repot them as needed when the roots fill the pot.
They will tolerate pruning, so it is easy to keep them looking attractive and lush. You can spray the leaves occasionally to keep them looking good.
Propagation of Peperomia
Peperomia are propagated by division. Divide the root ball or remove offsets of the plant. Most peperomias can also be propagated fairly easily from stem tip cuttings. To make a stem tip cutting, simply take a 3-5” cutting and remove all but one or two leaves. They can be inserted into vermiculite to root or directly into potting soil. Keep the material moist and don’t let it dry out.
Diseases or Pests are usually non-existent on this plant. You may, however, find an occasional mealybug. This can be controlled with a cotton swab dipped in horticultural oil.
Popular Peperomia Varieties to Consider:
Emerald Ripple Peperomia, Peperomia caperata, has dark green puckered leaves.
Silverleaf Peperomia, Peperomia griseoargentea, has silver-green, veined, round leaves.
Princess Astrid Peperomia, Peperomia orba, has glossy, spooned leaves.