A fall garden can yield some good vegetables but you need to get started right away. If you haven’t already planned what you want to plant, you will need to do that right away. Use your yard and garden to produce vegetables for your fall enjoyment.
A fall or autumn garden should be started between Late June to August so that your plants will have enough time for the seeds and plants to reach maturity before the the first frost sets in. The date of the average frost times in your area, can usually be found at your local plant nurseries or your local agriculture extension service for your county.
Prepare Your Soil
Be sure to prepare your soil and replenish any nutrients that may have been taken out if you planted a spring garden in the same area. Till or turn the soil to make sure there are no weeds and that the soil is friable and easy to manage.
What vegetables do well in fall vegetable gardens?
Many of your favorite plants that you normally plant in the early spring will also do well in the fall. Choose which ones you have space for and read up on how long it takes the seeds to germinate and the plants to grow to maturity. This information is given either on a seed packet or on a plant label. This will give you a time frame in which you can plant them and be able to harvest before it gets too cold.
1. Brussels Sprouts do very well in fall gardens. Set your plants out in mid-summer and make sure if you live in warmer climates that you mulch around them or keep them watered sufficiently. It will take about an average of 90 days to see any sprouts appear. They can be harvested when they are green and still firm.
2. Cabbage is always a favorite fall vegetable. It should be planted from 6-8 weeks before the first frost appears. It takes about 70 days for the them to reach maturity.
3. Broccoli grows very well in the fall garden and takes 70 days to reach maturity. Plant them 10 weeks before the first frost so that they can have enough growing time. Low nitrogen fertilizer can be used on them.
4. Cauliflower is a little harder to grow and will need to have plenty of water and a rich soil. If there are a lot of changes in the amount of moisture or temps your cauliflower may not develop heads as large as they should. It takes 60 days for them to mature.
5. Lettuce should be sown by seeds in late summer. Make sure that seedlings have plenty of moisture and are shielded in some way from the hot sun. It takes around 50 to 62 days until they can be picked.
6. Mustard Greens are always a favorite and can be sown 6 weeks before frost sets in. The soil temperature should be between 46 and 85 degrees F. It takes about 45 days until they can be picked. Like other seeds, make sure they stay moist and the soil doesn’t dry out too much.
7. Radishes are easy to grow and should be planted 4 weeks before frost. There are several good varieties of winter radishes to choose from, such as China Rose. It takes a little longer for it to mature, but is can be stored for a longer period of time and will also grow a little larger than other varieties. Maturity takes from 26 to 52 days. They can be picked as soon as they reach the size you like.
8. Spinach is a great vegetable to grow a they do best in cooler weather. Optimal planting time is form Sept.1- Oct. 15.