Seasonal maintenance is something that is always on-going and something that will help you maintain a beautiful landscape. A new USDA zone map is out as of Jan.25, 2012 and can be found below.
Your lawn care responsibilities will vary depending on whether you live in a cool or warm climate. Refer to one of the following checklists that correspond with your weather, and exercise your green-thumb year-round. This will be followed by a USDA plant hardiness zone map below your checklist.
MAINTENANCE for COOL CLIMATES
- Service lawn mower: sharpen blades, change oil and filter, general tune-up (if you did not do so during winter, the ideal time).
- Plant annuals appropriate to the climate.
- Clean up leaves and other debris cluttering beds.
- Lay fresh mulch in your landscape beds to discourage weed growth and help plant roots retain their moisture.
- Seed bare spots in your lawn, or over-seed (if you did not do this task in fall).
- Prevent weeds by applying a pre-emergent application, but consult a lawn are professional first.
- Spot-treat weeds as needed.
- Apply slow-acting fertilizer to promote green-up.
- Adjust mower to the proper height for your turf variety. Raise the height to alleviate summer stress in cool-season grasses.
- Water lawn as needed.
- Cut back plant branches after the first hard freeze.
- Dead-head perennial flowers by pinching off dead blooms, as this will encourage new growth in spring.
- Aerate your lawn in early fall, if necessary.
- Seed bare patches or new lawns in early fall to allow time for germination and root development before winter.
- Remove leaves from your yard and plant beds.
- Apply a fall fertilizer application.
- Take your mower in for service before the spring rush (sharpen blades, general tune-up).
- Snowblowers and snowblower attachments should be prepared for winter use.
- Conduct an inventory of your tools. What are you missing? What needs to be replaced? Which tools need sharpening or cleaning?
- Trim back trees and shrubs.( You can trim moderately throughout the year as well).
MAINTENANCE for WARM CLIMATES
Seasonal maintenance is the same when it comes to reminders for equipment maintenance. The same applies in warm climates. But because warm-season grasses love hot, southern weather, spring and summer are the best times to plant your grass.
SPRING and SUMMER
- Plant new lawns or repair dead spots in your yard.
- Fertilize and follow a regular lawn care program with pesticide applications as needed. (Note:A professional will best advise your on these preventive and curative applications).
- Water your lawn as needed.
- Adjust mower height to appropriate level based on your turf variety, and cut the lawn when needed.
- Aerate or dethatch, or power rake if necessary.
- Plant annuals.
FALL and WINTER
- Service all lawn equipment
- Lay fresh mulch in beds
- Water growing lawns on a regular basis.
You will find that seasonal maintenance is the best way to keep all of your chores up to date, and your equipment in tip-top shape.
New USDA Zone Map of 2012 (Updated Jan.25,2012)
Older version (1990) USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map