Weigela is a deciduous shrub that can be easily pruned. They are used in the shrub borders, mixed borders, and as foundation shrubs. Weigela shrubs have showy white, pink, or red flowers that attract hummingbirds. The shrub is also known as old-fashioned weigela. Find facts and information on pruning, and on caring and growing weigela.
Caring and Growing Weigela
Weigelas have a medium texture and grows well in Zones 4-8. They are popular shrubs, as are the spirea shrubs sometimes reaching from 6-9’ high by 9-12’ wide. They have funnel-shaped rosy-pink flowers that cover the plant for a long time in late spring. They are attractive to hummingbirds and bees. Plants may bloom intermittently throughout the summer. When not in bloom, weigela can be coarse, especially in winter. It prefers cool, deep, moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil and full sun to light shade. Flowering is best in full sun. Site it in shrub borders or in mixed foundation plantings. Smaller types can be included in mixed borders.
Transplant bare-root or container-grown plants in spring. Keep the soil evenly moist during the growing season. Reduce watering by mid-September to help plants go into winter dormancy and reduce the risk of winter drawback. Feed every spring with plant food, such as Miracle-Gro.
Weigela has a spreading and sometimes straggly form that requires pruning. It is important to prune it at the correct time of year. In early spring, snip off dead portions of stems. As with many shrubs, buds will grow on the newer wood so it is important not to prune too early. Prune plants severely after flowering to shape them. Old canes produce few flowers. Do this by cutting one-third of the older stems each year to encourage new growth from the base and keep plants at a manageable size. Always use a diagonal cut when pruning stems.
Propagation can be done by taking softwood cuttings in the summer. As far as insect pests, aphids will occasionally attack new growth on weigelas.
Favorite Weigela Varieties:
‘Red Prince’, ‘Wine and Roses’, ‘Whtie Knight’, ‘Eva Supreme’, ‘Variegata’, and ‘Polka’.